Calculating Selfishness: A reading of Deleuze and Guattari’s concept of the plane of nature


  • Magdalena Wisniowska Independent researcher


Deleuze, Guattari, Kleinherenbrink, machine, continuity, virtual, plane of nature


 This essay offers a reading of Deleuze and Guattari's concept of the plane of nature, as presented in A Thousand Plateaus. It uses their definition of this plane as an abstract machine of an infinity of particles and their infinity of interconnected relations to address the challenge of the machine thesis identified by Arjen Kleinherenbrink: of how to think world consisting only of machines yet allowing for interaction and change. Referencing Spinoza and the calculus inherent in Deleuze's earlier work, it offers an interpretation of a discontinous virtual.


Deleuze, Gilles. ‘The Method of Dramatisation’ in Desert Islands and Other Texts 1953-1974, ed. David Lapoujade, trans. Michael Taormina, Los Angeles and NewYork, Semiotext(e), 2004, pp. 94-116.

Deleuze, Gilles and Guattari, Felix, A Thousand Plateaus, Capitalism and Schizophrenia, trans. Brain Massumi, Minneapolis, London, University of Minnesota Press, 2005.

Deleuze, Gilles and Guattari, Felix. Anti-Oedipus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia, trans. Robert Hurley, Mark Seem and Helen R. Lane, London, Bloomsbury, 2013.

Harman, Graham. Tool-Being: Heidegger and the Metaphysics of Objects, Open Court Publishing, 2002.

Kleinherenbrink, Arjen. Against Continuity, Gilles Deleuze’s Speculative Realism, Edinburgh, Edinburgh University Press, 2019.

Lord, Beth. Spinoza’s Ethics, An Edinburgh Philosophical Guide, Edinburgh, Edinburgh University Press, 2010.

Lovecraft, Howard Philips and Hoffmann Price, Edgar. Through the Gates of the Silver Key, n.p.

Spinoza, Benedictus de. A Spinoza Reader, ed. and trans. E. Curley, Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press, 1994.




How to Cite

Wisniowska, M. (2022). Calculating Selfishness: A reading of Deleuze and Guattari’s concept of the plane of nature. Cosmos and History: The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy, 18(1), 355–380. Retrieved from