The Italian Difference


  • Antonio Negri Former Professor of Political Science, Universities of Padua and Paris


Biopolitics, Difference, Gramsci, Muraro, Postmodernity, Singularity, Tronti


This pamphlet casts a polemical eye on the panorama of twentieth-century Italian philosophical culture and declares that only three figures stand as exceptions to a pervasive political and intellectual capitulation: Antonio Gramsci, Mario Tronti and Luisa Muraro. Negri argues that the two key post-war contributions to an Italian political ontology, the workerism of Tronti and the feminism of Muraro, start from the identification of the principal forms of exploitation, capitalism and patriarchy, to develop a potent thinking of singularity and creative difference. He concludes that they provide the basis for a political philosophy of the multitude that can at last move beyond postmodernity.




How to Cite

Negri, A. (2009). The Italian Difference. Cosmos and History: The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy, 5(1), 8–15. Retrieved from