Merleau-Ponty's Many-Layered Presence in Bourdieu's Thought
Keywords:Merleau-Ponty, Bourdieu, Operant intentionality, Embodied significance, Habitus, Field, Diacriticism, Structuralism, Embodiment, Cultural capital, Scholastic fallacy, Reflexive sociology
Why has Pierre Bourdieu's thought come to matter so much in our time? This paper intends to prove that the answer lies in the (partly concealed) presence of Merleau-Ponty's philosophical tenets in many aspects of Bourdieu's manifold oeuvre. They steer it decisively and, though formerly undetected, give access to their deeper meaning. Besides, most obscurities in Bourdieu's output become dispelled only if we scrutinize its roots in Merleau-Ponty's thought. Accordingly, the thorny Bourdieuan notions of habitus, field, diacritical standpoint, structure of position-takings, cultural capital, scholastic fallacy, or reflexive sociology are to be elucidated with the aid of intellectual tools supplied by Merleau-Ponty, like operant intentionality, embodied significance, the invisible, the pensée de survol or hyperdialectics. We conclude that, at odds with most social theories, Bourdieu's account preserves the existential inscrutability of human demeanour thanks to its Merleau-Pontian ingredients.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 JOSEP MARIA BECH
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.