‘Four Paths Five Destinations': Constructing Imaginaries of Alter-globalization Through Literary Texts


  • Cornelia Gräbner Lancaster University


alter-globalization, political literature, Quixotic, poetics, literary genres


This article contests the popular assumption that literature is ever less politically relevant. Quite the contrary is the case: literature and literary language becomes increasingly important for the alter-globalization movement and for the notion that ‘another world is possible.' The work of four authors - Manu Chao, Eduardo Galeano, Subcomandante Marcos, and José Saramago - are comparatively analysed in light of their contribution to an alternative globalism and to an alternative practice of politics. All four authors contribute from different perspectives to the literary articulation of a political project. Their work shares characteristics such as the permeability of genres, the emphasis on the poetical over the narrative, a meandering structure that expresses the search for and step-by-step construction of a cultural and political alternative, and an emphasis on translation and encounter as principles of interaction with difference.

Author Biography

Cornelia Gräbner, Lancaster University

Lecturer in Hispanic Studies, Department of European Languages and Cultures




How to Cite

Gräbner, C. (2010). ‘Four Paths Five Destinations’: Constructing Imaginaries of Alter-globalization Through Literary Texts. Cosmos and History: The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy, 6(2), 93–112. Retrieved from http://cosmosandhistory.org/index.php/journal/article/view/197



Writing as Resistance