Matter-Information Equivalence


  • George Litchfield


Philosophy, Zeno, Wheeler, Langan, Information, Matter, Bit


Information and matter are commonly viewed to be two seperate entities, the former being abstract and the later corresponding to something concrete and physical. However, since the beginning of the twentyfirst century, a paradigm shift has brought about a closer assosciation between the two. While information can describe matter, matter carries and creates information. This essay attempts to show through two new paradigms, Bit from Bit and Bit recognize Bit, that in order for a description or measurement to apply to matter, that matter itself must be a description, or peice of information. Ultimately, it is information which composes objects of experience. In particular, the amount of information contained by an object is highly related to its surface area. 


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Huggett, Nick. “Zeno's Paradoxes.” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Stanford University, 11 June 2018,

Thomas, Rachel. “It from Bit?”, 16 May 2016,




How to Cite

Litchfield, G. (2022). Matter-Information Equivalence. Cosmos and History: The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy, 18(2), 457–466. Retrieved from