Physis as Nature in Motion

An Inquiry of the Epistemological Frameworks of Natural Philosophy


  • Paulo Masella Instituto Federal do Paraná - Brasil (IFPR)


“thing-in-itself”, the ontological problem of universal and singular, absence of motion, arrow of time, philosophy of biology, chaos theory, quantum mechanics, evolutionism, anthropocentrism, essentialism, concept of nature


The subject of sustainability subsumed by the environmental agenda has been widely approached without taking into account a rigorous examination of the concept of nature, and still being guided by a modern or even Christian epistemological matrix supported by an essentialist, anthropocentric and metaphysical sight. This paper seeks to expose some non-metaphysical theoretical alternatives, especially those derived from evolutionism, quantum mechanics, and chaos theory in which nature appears as a complex, moving, and unstable system that acts through creative and irreversible processes. Methodologically, it is intended to make a philosophical inquiry in order to criticize Christian and modern epistemologies, as well as the concept of nature that follows them, which contains both a creationist and an instrumental bias, to then propose some epistemological alternatives more in tune with the current stage of natural philosophy. As a result, it will be possible to observe that these more current theoretical conceptions require new terminology and conceptual structure to account for the experiences observed in this field which, ironically, come close to the ancient Greek concept of physis.

Author Biography

Paulo Masella, Instituto Federal do Paraná - Brasil (IFPR)

Postdoctoral Fellow in Communication and Semiotics (PUC-SP); Masters and Doctoral Degree in Communication Sciences (University of São Paulo); Bachelor Degree and Licentiate in Philosophy (University of São Paulo). Philosophy Professor at IFPR-Campus Palmas; Brazil.  


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How to Cite

Masella, P. (2023). Physis as Nature in Motion: An Inquiry of the Epistemological Frameworks of Natural Philosophy. Cosmos and History: The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy, 19(1), 91–112. Retrieved from